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Respiratory Disease – Causes,Treatment

Ayurveda, the ancient holistic system of medicine, provides a unique perspective on respiratory diseases by viewing them through the lens of the three doshas—Vata, Pitta, and Kapha—and emphasizing the interconnectedness of the respiratory system with broader physiological and energetic forces in the body.



  1. Dosha Imbalances: According to Ayurveda, respiratory diseases arise when there is an imbalance in the doshas. Vata imbalance, associated with the air and ether elements, may lead to dryness and irregularities in the respiratory tract, resulting in conditions like dry cough or wheezing. Pitta imbalance, linked to fire and water, can manifest as inflammation and heat in the respiratory system, contributing to conditions such as bronchitis or allergic reactions. Kapha imbalance, governed by water and earth, may lead to excessive mucus production and congestion, contributing to conditions like asthma or respiratory infections.

  2. Agni and Ama: Ayurveda places significant importance on Agni, the digestive fire, in the context of respiratory health. Impaired digestion can produce undigested substances known as ama, which, when circulated in the body, can affect the respiratory system. Ama accumulation in the lungs can lead to congestion, reduced lung capacity, and increased susceptibility to respiratory infections. Ayurvedic interventions often focus on enhancing Agni to prevent the formation of ama.

  3. Prana and Respiratory Vitality: The concept of Prana, the life force, is central to Ayurveda’s understanding of respiratory diseases. Prana governs the breath and life-sustaining energy in the body. Disruptions in the flow of Prana can result in breathing difficulties and respiratory imbalances. Practices like Pranayama (controlled breathing exercises) are employed to balance and strengthen Prana, promoting respiratory vitality and overall well-being.

  4. Ojas and Immune Support: Ayurveda recognizes the role of Ojas, the essence of vitality and immunity, in protecting the respiratory system. A compromised immune system can make the respiratory tract susceptible to infections and allergies. Ayurvedic approaches to respiratory diseases often involve measures to strengthen Ojas, including the use of immune-enhancing herbs, nourishing foods, and lifestyle practices that support overall health.

  5. Seasonal Considerations: Ayurveda acknowledges the impact of environmental factors on respiratory health. Changes in seasons can influence the doshic balance and exacerbate respiratory conditions. Ayurvedic recommendations include adapting lifestyle choices, dietary habits, and preventive measures based on seasonal variations to maintain harmony with the environment and prevent imbalances.

  6. Individualized Approach: Ayurvedic diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases are highly personalized, considering an individual’s unique constitution (Prakriti) and current imbalances (Vikriti). Different doshic constitutions may manifest respiratory issues in distinct ways, requiring tailored interventions. Herbal formulations, dietary guidelines, and lifestyle modifications are customized to address the specific imbalances contributing to respiratory disorders.

  7. Holistic Therapies: Ayurveda employs a holistic approach to the management of respiratory diseases. Alongside herbal remedies, dietary recommendations, and lifestyle modifications, therapies such as steam inhalation, Ayurvedic massages, and detoxification procedures are utilized to alleviate symptoms, promote respiratory health, and address the root causes of imbalances.

In essence, Ayurveda perceives respiratory diseases as manifestations of imbalances in the doshas, aggravated by factors such as impaired digestion, disrupted flow of Prana, compromised immunity, and environmental influences. The holistic and individualized nature of Ayurvedic interventions aims not only to alleviate symptoms but also to restore balance to the entire system, fostering optimal respiratory health and overall well-being.

Ayurveda, the ancient system of medicine from India, provides holistic approaches to address respiratory diseases by balancing the doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha), promoting lung health, and supporting the overall well-being of the respiratory system.

Here are some very useful recommended Ayurvedic home remedies for respiratory health:

1. Tulsi (Holy Basil):

  • Usage: Chew fresh Tulsi leaves or prepare Tulsi tea.
  • Relevance: Tulsi has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, supporting respiratory health and providing relief from congestion.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals with respiratory infections, cough, and congestion.

2. Trikatu (A combination of Black Pepper, Long Pepper, and Ginger):

  • Usage: Incorporate Trikatu in your diet or take it with honey.
  • Relevance: Trikatu aids in digestion, helps clear respiratory congestion, and supports overall lung function.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals with respiratory congestion, cough, and cold.

3. Honey and Ginger (Adrak):

  • Usage: Mix honey and ginger juice in warm water and consume.
  • Relevance: Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties, while honey soothes the throat, providing relief from cough and irritation.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals with a sore throat, cough, and respiratory discomfort.

4. Vasaka (Adhatoda vasica):

  • Usage: Take Vasaka syrup (available commercially) or Vasaka powder (under supervision) with honey or warm water.
  • Relevance: Vasaka is known for its bronchodilator and expectorant properties, making it beneficial for respiratory conditions.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals with bronchitis, asthma, and respiratory congestion.

5. Aniseed (Saunf) Steam Inhalation:

  • Usage: Inhale steam infused with aniseed.
  • Relevance: Aniseed has antimicrobial properties and can help in relieving respiratory congestion.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals with nasal congestion, cough, and respiratory infections.

6. Eucalyptus Oil (Nilgiri Taila):

  • Usage: Add a few drops of eucalyptus oil to hot water and inhale the steam.
  • Relevance: Eucalyptus oil has decongestant properties, providing relief from nasal congestion and supporting respiratory health.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals with sinusitis, cold, and respiratory congestion.

7. Licorice (Yashtimadhu) Tea:

  • Usage: Prepare licorice tea by boiling licorice root in water and drink it.
  • Relevance: Licorice has anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties, soothing the respiratory tract and promoting lung health.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals with a cough, bronchitis, and respiratory discomfort.

8. Camphor (Kapoor) Chest Rub:

  • Usage: Mix a small amount of camphor with warm coconut oil and apply it to the chest.
  • Relevance: Camphor has a soothing effect on the respiratory system and can provide relief from congestion.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals with chest congestion and respiratory discomfort.

9. Pippali (Long Pepper) Decoction:

  • Usage: Prepare a decoction with Pippali and consume it.
  • Relevance: Pippali has bronchodilator properties, making it beneficial for respiratory conditions.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals with asthma, bronchitis, and respiratory congestion.

10. Ghee (Clarified Butter) with Black Pepper:

  • Usage: Mix a small amount of ghee with black pepper and consume.
  • Relevance: Ghee with black pepper helps in lubricating the respiratory tract and can provide relief from cough.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals with dry cough and respiratory irritation.

11. Neti Pot (Jala Neti):

  • Usage: Use a Neti pot to perform nasal irrigation with saline water.
  • Relevance: Neti helps in clearing the nasal passages, reducing sinus congestion, and promoting respiratory health.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals with sinusitis, nasal congestion, and respiratory discomfort.

12. Garlic (Allium sativum):

  • Usage: Include raw or cooked garlic in your diet.
  • Relevance: Garlic has antimicrobial properties and can help in preventing and managing respiratory infections.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals with respiratory infections and immune support.

Additional Tips:

  • 1. Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of warm water to keep the respiratory tract hydrated and promote overall health.

  • 2. Healthy Diet: Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to support overall immune function.

  • 3. Warm Soups: Include warm soups in your diet, especially during cold weather, to provide comfort and nourishment.

  • 4. Avoid Cold Foods: Limit the intake of cold and refrigerated foods, as they can aggravate respiratory conditions.

  • 5. Humidification: Use a humidifier in the room to maintain optimal humidity levels, especially during dry weather.

  • 6. Ayurvedic Lifestyle Practices: Follow Ayurvedic lifestyle practices, including maintaining a regular routine and practicing stress-reducing activities.


Ayurvedic home remedies for respiratory health focus on promoting lung function, clearing congestion, and supporting overall well-being. These remedies are supportive measures and can be integrated into daily life for preventive care. However, it’s crucial to consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner for personalized guidance, especially when dealing with specific respiratory conditions. These remedies should complement, not replace, professional medical advice. Always consult with your healthcare provider before making significant changes to your health regimen, especially if you have pre-existing medical conditions or are on medication.

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