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Psychological Disease – Causes, Treatment

Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, offers a unique and holistic perspective on psychological diseases. In Ayurveda, mental health is intricately connected to the overall well-being of an individual, encompassing the balance of the mind, body, and spirit. The understanding of psychological diseases in Ayurveda revolves around the three doshas—Vata, Pitta, and Kapha—each representing different elemental energies and governing various physiological and psychological functions.



  1. Tridosha Theory: Ayurveda attributes psychological disorders to an imbalance in the three doshas. Vata, associated with air and ether, governs movement and communication; Pitta, linked to fire and water, is responsible for digestion and transformation; and Kapha, aligned with water and earth, controls structure and stability. An imbalance in any of these doshas can manifest as mental disturbances.

  2. Agni (Digestive Fire) and Ama (Toxins): Ayurveda emphasizes the importance of proper digestion, both physical and mental. Impaired digestion can lead to the accumulation of undigested substances or toxins (ama), affecting the mind. Mental toxins, according to Ayurveda, can cloud the intellect, leading to cognitive disorders and psychological imbalances.

  3. Dhatus (Tissues) and Malas (Waste Products): The health of the mind is closely tied to the health of the body’s tissues (dhatus) and waste elimination (malas). Any disruption in the formation of tissues or elimination of waste products can impact mental health. Ayurveda believes that a healthy body contributes to a healthy mind, and vice versa.

  4. Srotas (Channels of Circulation): Ayurveda describes subtle channels (srotas) responsible for the circulation of nutrients and energy throughout the body. When these channels are blocked or imbalanced, it can lead to disturbances in the flow of mental energy, resulting in psychological disorders.

  5. Prana (Life Force) and Ojas (Vital Essence): Ayurveda recognizes the role of prana, the life force, in maintaining mental health. The balance of prana is crucial for sound mental functioning. Ojas, the essence of vitality, is considered the foundation of mental and emotional well-being. An imbalance in prana or a depletion of ojas can contribute to psychological imbalances.

  6. Mind-Body Connection: Ayurveda does not separate the mind and body; rather, it sees them as interconnected aspects of an individual. Physical imbalances can influence mental health and vice versa. Lifestyle factors, including diet, sleep, and daily routines, play a significant role in maintaining this mind-body harmony.

  7. Individual Constitution (Prakriti) and Imbalance (Vikriti): Ayurveda recognizes that each person has a unique constitution (prakriti) that determines their inherent balance of doshas. Psychological disorders arise when there is a deviation from one’s natural constitution, leading to an imbalance (vikriti). Treatment in Ayurveda is personalized, aiming to restore the individual to their natural state of balance.

  8. Holistic Approach to Treatment: Ayurvedic treatments for psychological diseases involve a holistic approach, incorporating dietary modifications, herbal remedies, lifestyle changes, yoga, meditation, and therapeutic practices such as Panchakarma (detoxification). The goal is to address the root cause of the imbalance and restore harmony to the mind, body, and spirit.

In summary, Ayurveda’s understanding of psychological diseases is deeply rooted in the balance of the doshas, digestive fire, bodily tissues, and the mind-body connection. It offers a comprehensive and personalized approach to treatment, focusing on restoring harmony and promoting overall well-being.

Ayurveda, the ancient system of medicine from India, recognizes the interconnectedness of the mind, body, and spirit. It offers holistic approaches to address psychological well-being by balancing the doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha), promoting mental clarity, and supporting emotional health.

The following Ayurvedic principles and home remedies for psychological diseases are supportive measures which contributes immensely mental and emotional well-being:

1. Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri):

  • Usage: Take Brahmi powder (1-2 grams) with honey or warm water.
  • Relevance: Brahmi is renowned for its cognitive-enhancing and adaptogenic properties. It supports mental clarity, memory, and may help manage stress.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals experiencing stress, anxiety, and cognitive issues.

2. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera):

  • Usage: Take Ashwagandha powder (1-2 grams) with warm milk or water.
  • Relevance: Ashwagandha is an adaptogen with calming effects. It may help manage stress, anxiety, and promote overall emotional well-being.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals dealing with stress-related psychological issues.

3. Shirodhara:

  • Usage: Undergo Shirodhara therapy performed by a trained Ayurvedic practitioner.
  • Relevance: Shirodhara involves a continuous flow of warm oil on the forehead, promoting relaxation, reducing stress, and supporting emotional balance.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals experiencing anxiety, insomnia, and stress-related disorders.

4. Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi):

  • Usage: Take Jatamansi powder (under supervision) with warm water.
  • Relevance: Jatamansi has calming and grounding effects. It may help manage anxiety, insomnia, and promote emotional stability.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals dealing with emotional imbalances and sleep disturbances.

5. Yoga and Pranayama:

  • Usage: Include yoga postures and pranayama (breathing exercises) in your daily routine.
  • Relevance: Yoga and pranayama help balance the nervous system, reduce stress, and promote mental clarity.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals experiencing stress, anxiety, and mild depressive symptoms.

6. Saffron (Kumkuma):

  • Usage: Infuse a few strands of saffron in warm milk and consume.
  • Relevance: Saffron is believed to have mood-enhancing properties and may help alleviate symptoms of mild depression.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals with mood disorders and mild depressive symptoms.

7. Abhyanga (Self-Massage):

  • Usage: Perform self-massage using warm oil, such as sesame or coconut oil.
  • Relevance: Abhyanga promotes relaxation, reduces stress, and enhances a sense of well-being.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals dealing with stress and anxiety.

8. Triphala:

  • Usage: Consume 1-2 grams of Triphala powder with warm water before bedtime.
  • Relevance: Triphala supports digestion and elimination, contributing to overall well-being.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals with digestive issues and mild depressive symptoms.

9. Aromatherapy with Essential Oils:

  • Usage: Diffuse calming essential oils such as lavender, chamomile, or frankincense.
  • Relevance: Aromatherapy can have a soothing effect on the mind and emotions, promoting relaxation.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals dealing with stress, anxiety, and sleep disturbances.

10. Nasya (Nasal Administration of Oils):

  • Usage: Administer a few drops of warm, medicated oil in the nostrils.
  • Relevance: Nasya helps clear the nasal passages, promotes mental clarity, and may have a calming effect.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals experiencing mental fog, stress, and tension.

11. Ghee (Clarified Butter) in Diet:

  • Usage: Include a small amount of pure ghee in your diet.
  • Relevance: Ghee is considered nourishing for the brain and may support cognitive function.
  • Indications: Suitable for individuals seeking cognitive support and emotional balance.

12. Mandukaparni (Centella asiatica):

  • Usage: Take Mandukaparni powder (under supervision) with warm water.
  • Relevance: Mandukaparni is believed to have neuroprotective properties and may support cognitive function.
  • Indications: Beneficial for individuals dealing with cognitive issues and stress.

Additional Tips:

  • 1. Healthy Lifestyle: Adopt a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet, regular exercise, and sufficient sleep to support overall well-being.

  • 2. Mindfulness Practices: Engage in mindfulness practices such as meditation and mindful breathing to promote mental clarity and emotional balance.

  • 3. Seek Professional Guidance: If experiencing severe psychological symptoms, seek guidance from qualified mental health professionals.

  • 4. Customize Ayurvedic Interventions: Ayurvedic interventions should be personalized based on an individual’s constitution, imbalances, and specific symptoms.

  • 5. Regular Follow-up: Individuals undergoing Ayurvedic interventions for psychological well-being should have regular follow-ups with Ayurvedic practitioners to monitor progress.


Ayurvedic home remedies for psychological well-being focus on balancing the doshas, promoting relaxation, and supporting overall mental and emotional health. These remedies are supportive measures and can be integrated into daily life for preventive care. However, it’s crucial to consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner for personalized guidance, especially when dealing with specific mental health conditions. These remedies should complement, not replace, professional mental health care. Always consult with mental health professionals before making significant changes to your treatment plan, especially if you have pre-existing mental health conditions.

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