Goitre explained as per principles of ayurveda medical science:
In Ayurveda, goitre, also known as Galaganda, is viewed as a disorder related to the imbalance of doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha) and the impairment of specific dhatus (tissues) in the thyroid region. Ayurveda emphasizes a holistic approach to understanding and managing goitre, considering factors such as dosha imbalances, diet, lifestyle, and environmental influences. Here is an overview of how Ayurveda perceives goitre:
- According to Ayurveda, goitre is often associated with an imbalance of Kapha dosha. Kapha, representing the elements of earth and water, governs structural and lubricating functions in the body. When Kapha becomes aggravated, it can lead to the accumulation of excess fluid and tissues in the thyroid gland, resulting in the enlargement characteristic of goitre.
Agni (Digestive Fire) Imbalance:
- Impaired digestion and metabolism, leading to the accumulation of Ama (toxins), are considered significant contributors to goitre in Ayurveda. The weakening of Agni (digestive fire) may result in incomplete digestion and the formation of Ama, which can obstruct the channels and contribute to the development of thyroid disorders.
Vata and Pitta Involvement:
- While Kapha is the primary dosha associated with goitre, imbalances in Vata and Pitta doshas may also play a role. Vata disturbances can contribute to the movement of Ama, and Pitta imbalances may lead to inflammation and heat-related issues in the thyroid region.
- Ayurveda recognizes seven Dhatus (tissues) in the body, and goitre is believed to involve the Meda Dhatu (adipose tissue) and Mamsa Dhatu (muscle tissue) in particular. The accumulation of excess Kapha may affect these tissues in the neck area, leading to the visible enlargement associated with goitre.
Improper Diet and Lifestyle:
- Ayurveda emphasizes the role of diet and lifestyle in maintaining overall health. Irregular eating habits, excessive consumption of cold and heavy foods, sedentary lifestyles, and exposure to damp and cold environments are considered contributing factors to the development of goitre.
- Ayurvedic treatment for goitre often involves the use of specific herbal formulations that aim to balance doshas, improve thyroid function, and reduce inflammation. Herbs like Guggulu, Kanchanara, Triphala, and Punarnava are commonly used for their anti-inflammatory and detoxifying properties.
- Panchakarma, a set of Ayurvedic detoxification procedures, may be recommended to eliminate Ama and balance doshas. Therapies such as Vamana (therapeutic vomiting) and Virechana (therapeutic purgation) may be employed to cleanse the body and promote overall well-being.
- Ayurvedic dietary guidelines for goitre typically include recommendations for a Kapha-pacifying diet. This may involve the consumption of warm, light, and easily digestible foods while avoiding heavy, cold, and excessively sweet or salty items.
Yoga and Pranayama:
- Yoga postures and pranayama exercises may be recommended to stimulate thyroid function, improve metabolism, and balance the doshas. Practices like Ujjayi Pranayama and Sarvangasana are believed to have beneficial effects in cases of goitre.
It’s important to note that Ayurvedic treatment is individualized, and the specific approach may vary based on an individual’s constitution (Prakriti) and the underlying causes of goitre. Consultation with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner is crucial to receive personalized advice and a comprehensive treatment plan. Additionally, individuals with goitre should also seek guidance from conventional healthcare professionals for a well-rounded approach to their condition.
Here are some Ayurvedic home remedies that are traditionally suggested for supporting thyroid health and managing goitre:
Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera):
- Ashwagandha is an adaptogenic herb known for its thyroid-supportive properties in Ayurveda.
- Mix 1/2 teaspoon of ashwagandha powder with a glass of warm milk and consume it before bedtime.
- This traditional Ayurvedic herbal formulation is believed to support thyroid function.
- Consult an Ayurvedic practitioner for the appropriate dosage.
- Triphala, a combination of three fruits, is known for its detoxifying properties.
- Consume a teaspoon of Triphala powder mixed with warm water before bedtime.
Coconut Oil Pulling:
- Oil pulling is an Ayurvedic practice that involves swishing oil in the mouth for oral and overall health.
- Use organic coconut oil for oil pulling for about 15-20 minutes in the morning before brushing your teeth.
Yoga and Pranayama:
- Specific yoga asanas (postures) like Sarvangasana (shoulder stand) and Halasana (plow pose) are believed to stimulate the thyroid gland.
- Practice pranayama (breathing exercises) like Ujjayi and Kapalbhati to improve overall energy flow.
- Include iodine-rich foods like seaweed, iodized salt, and seafood.
- Consume foods rich in vitamin A, vitamin D, and omega-3 fatty acids for overall thyroid support.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa):
- Turmeric has anti-inflammatory properties and is used in Ayurveda for various health issues.
- Add turmeric to your diet or consume a glass of warm milk with a pinch of turmeric.
- Manage stress through practices like meditation and mindfulness.
- Ensure a good sleep routine to support overall well-being.
Remember, individual responses to these remedies may vary, and it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating any new treatments into your routine, especially if you have a medical condition.