Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease of the digestive system related with the inflammation of the colon and its very painful as well in nature causing huge inconvenience for the patient. In particular its related with the large intestine and the lining of the colon becomes inflamed in nature developing ulcers / sores which also produces mucus / pus etc in the stools. Patient feels the tendency of frequent emptying of the colon and abdominal discomfort which carries all througout the day / night.
Ulcerative colitis is the result of imbalanced behavior of immune physiology – the proteins ans cells which are responsible towards normalization in the immune response and protecting out tissues from infections and due to many factors which can vitiate the immune behavior, these proteins and cells starts attacking the lining of the colon as it mistakes food, good bacteria as invading substances and thus results in the inflammation of the colon. As a natural response of immune behavior, sensing inflammations, body sends WBCs at the target site where further ulcerations / ulcers gets developed.
In Ayurveda, ulcerative colitis is understood as a manifestation of an imbalance in the body’s doshas—Vata, Pitta, and Kapha—along with disturbances in the digestive fire (agni) and the accumulation of toxins (ama). This condition, referred to as “Pittaja Grahani” or “Raktaja Grahani,” is primarily associated with vitiated Pitta dosha and its influence on the gastrointestinal tract.
According to Ayurvedic principles, factors such as irregular dietary habits, excessive consumption of spicy and acidic foods, mental stress, and unresolved emotional issues can contribute to the aggravation of Pitta dosha. This heightened Pitta leads to inflammation, ulceration, and increased heat in the colon, giving rise to the symptoms observed in ulcerative colitis.
Ayurvedic interventions for ulcerative colitis focus on pacifying aggravated Pitta, eliminating ama, and restoring balance to the doshas. This may involve dietary modifications to include cooling and soothing foods, avoidance of Pitta-aggravating substances, and the use of herbs with anti-inflammatory properties, such as Kutaj, Aloe Vera, and Licorice.
Ayurveda medical science is a protocol which focuses primarily on diet and lifestyle recommendations as well because holistic healing has to be achieved and healthy digestion plays a very important role in overall good health. When the digestive system fails due to any of the causes as listed below, the body tissues fails to get the required nutrients and minerals leading to imbalance in associated dhatus / doshas and also bad digestion leads to develpment of “amavisha” which further blocks the channels / srotas causing hinderance towards flow of normal physiological processes.
As per protocols of ayurveda medical science, ulcerative colitis is referred as “pittaj grahani” and its due to aggressive vitiation in the pitta dosha. The Pitta dosha is responsible for all endocrine and enzymatic activity in our tissues which includes transformation, digestion, metabolism and assimilation.
Its food which provides basic nourishment to our dhatus and forms the reason of ojas (immunity), strength. and for the food to succeed in its endeavour its important for our agni (digestive fire) to function normal and enable a good digestive physiology. Any impairement in the functions of agni can lead to development of digestive system disease and “pittaj grahani” is one such disease.