If we have to understand the concept of high blood pressure as per protocols of ayurveda, then if there is vitiated physiological functioning of vyana, udana vayu, Avalambak kapha and Ranjak pitta, high blood pressure is the result so when speaking of treatment, all these vitiated parameters needs to be normalized. In charak samhita, there is an illness detailed “raktagata vata” and it can be corelated with hypertension of modern medical science. As the name suggests, Raktagata vata – the vayu dosha gets vitiated and keeps on circulating inside the raktaj dhatu which creates functional irregularities and the result is high blood pressure of individual.
And as all componets of our human body are closely related with one another, so if any one gets vitiated, the effects are bound to be seen on other associated components as well, here in the case of raktagata vata – pitta dosha and raktaj dhatu are in a relationship with each other which leads to physiological vitiation of both. And as Kapha is also related with pitta dosha so this too shall get vitiated resulting in the further disturbances in the cardiac functioning.
Avalambaka kapha is one such component which resides within the heart and as its getting affected which leads to development of clogging inside the arteries and they are hardened as well leading to more serious health problems in the future if not addressed in time.
Blood pressure is divided into following four categories:
In Ayurveda, hypertension is understood as a manifestation of imbalances in the doshas, particularly Vata and Pitta, along with disruptions in the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system. Ayurveda views hypertension as a complex condition influenced by dietary, lifestyle, and constitutional factors. Here is a detailed explanation of the Ayurvedic understanding of hypertension:
Doshic Imbalance: Ayurveda classifies hypertension as a condition associated with an imbalance in Vata and Pitta doshas. Elevated Vata, characterized by qualities of air and movement, and aggravated Pitta, associated with heat and intensity, contribute to increased blood pressure.
Impaired Digestion (Agni Mandya): Poor digestion, known as Agni Mandya, can lead to the accumulation of undigested food (ama). This ama, when circulated in the bloodstream, can contribute to the blockage of channels (srotas) and disrupt the balance of doshas, leading to hypertension.
Ama Formation and Toxins (Ama Visha): The accumulation of ama and the presence of toxins (ama visha) in the body are considered contributing factors to hypertension. These substances can impair the natural flow of energy and nutrients, affecting the cardiovascular system.
Emotional Factors (Manasika Vitiations): Ayurveda recognizes the influence of emotions on health. Stress, anxiety, and emotional disturbances can aggravate Vata and Pitta doshas, impacting the nervous system and contributing to hypertension. Emotional well-being is a crucial aspect of Ayurvedic management.
Dietary Factors (Ahara): The Ayurvedic approach to hypertension emphasizes the role of diet. Consuming foods high in salt, spicy, oily, or processed foods can aggravate Pitta and contribute to hypertension. Dietary choices that promote a balance of doshas are recommended.
Lifestyle Factors (Vihara): Sedentary lifestyles, irregular sleep patterns, and lack of exercise can contribute to Vata imbalance and aggravate hypertension. Regular physical activity, adequate rest, and the cultivation of healthy lifestyle habits are emphasized in Ayurvedic management.
Individual Constitution (Prakriti): Ayurveda recognizes that individuals with different constitutional types (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) may have varying susceptibilities to hypertension. Understanding one’s Prakriti allows for personalized approaches to prevent and manage hypertension.
Channel Blockages (Srotorodha): Hypertension is often associated with blockages in the channels (srotas) that regulate the flow of energy, nutrients, and fluids throughout the body. Ayurveda aims to remove these blockages through treatments that enhance circulation and promote balance.
Hereditary Factors (Anuvamsika): In some cases, Ayurveda acknowledges the role of hereditary factors (anuvamsika) in hypertension. A family history of hypertension may indicate a genetic predisposition, and Ayurvedic interventions are aimed at addressing these influences.
Detoxification and Purification (Panchakarma): Ayurvedic therapies, particularly Panchakarma, are employed to eliminate toxins (ama) from the body. Therapies such as Virechana (therapeutic purgation) and Nasya (nasal administration of medicated oils) are used to purify and balance the doshas.
Herbal Interventions: Ayurveda utilizes a range of herbs with properties that pacify Vata and Pitta, promote relaxation, and support cardiovascular health. Commonly used herbs include Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna), Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris), and Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina).
Mind-Body Practices (Yoga and Meditation): Yoga postures (asanas), pranayama (breath control), and meditation play a vital role in managing hypertension. These practices help reduce stress, balance doshas, and promote overall well-being.
Ayurveda emphasizes a holistic approach to managing hypertension, addressing the root causes rather than merely treating symptoms. The goal is to restore balance to the doshas, promote healthy digestion, and establish harmony in the mind and body. Individualized treatment plans, incorporating dietary modifications, lifestyle adjustments, and herbal formulations, are essential components of Ayurvedic management for hypertension. Consultation with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner ensures personalized guidance based on the unique constitution and imbalances of each individual.
Ayurveda, the ancient system of holistic healing, provides a variety of home remedies for managing hypertension, also known as “Rakta Gata Vata” in Ayurveda. It’s important to note that these remedies should complement, not replace, medical advice and treatment. Always consult with a healthcare professional before making significant changes to your lifestyle or using herbal remedies. Here are some Ayurvedic home remedies for hypertension:
It’s essential to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, and adequate sleep, alongside these Ayurvedic home remedies. Additionally, individuals with hypertension should work closely with healthcare professionals to monitor and manage their condition effectively.